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ʶҹӤѭ-觷ͧ

͹ʹ
ʶҹͧǷժ§ͧѧѴطʧ ѹ͹ҡͧ ԴҡõС͹ͧԹ ªԴ ʹ »ء »ҡ ç 辺ʹ·ըӹǹҡش

Ѵ
ҹ Ѵѹɰҹҧ駡اظҵ͹ 觷ʹ ʹѡɳٻ 繷дɰҹоطҷ«ͧиҹͧѴ кҹеѡŻظҵ͹¹Ѻ繧ҹгյŻ٧ ʶóдɰǴ»ٹ鹴½ͪҧͧྪ ҾԵá ҹ˹ҵҧٻؤ㹾Ǵèչ Ӿй͹дɰҹоطʹչǾкҷҹ

ԾԸѳҹ
㹺dzѴ Ҥҡ­ͧѴ繾ԾԸѳ ͵ ..2539 ¤㨢ͧǪ÷դӹ֡㹻ѵʵҢͧͧ 繪ҳ¡ѺԴاظ աҧͧ ͧҹ繨Ӥѭ֡ Ҥ鹤ҡԾԸѳҹ ҤêҧѴʴԻѭҺҹ ԵѲͧ餹 ͧͼԵع ͧ¢ͧǺҹ㹪 鹺ѴʴҪ ͧͧͧǪ

Ѵҹ Ѵྪط
㹵ͧ   ѴӤѭͧѧѴ ǴéѺҪѵŢ .. 2307 ¡Ѿҵͧྪú ͧѾͧاظ¡ѾҪѡͧ Ǻҹࢵͧྪú;¾˹վҵ駺ҹ͹dzӺͧ˹Ѵըӻ ֧¡ҹ ҹ ͺҹͧͧྪЪ¡ѹóѴըӻ ¡Ѵ Ѵҹ

ѴѷҸѴͭ
Ӻźҧ   Ѵվʶ繨شҧ¾Фططǧ (ʹյ) .. 2535 ʶӴѡͧѧѧء駴ҹдҹ͡ Ǵդ´ҡ ʴͧǡѺطѵõ 㹻дɰҹǧͺҹ ǧǴºӷŨ״ ǧ;طʸ 繷ѡТͧطʧШѧѴ§

͹óʶҹὴԹ-ѹоԾԸѳ
ӺҴ˭ ͹óʶҹὴԹ-ѹҧ§Ѻ价š 㹺dzҹҧдѺµ͡ ͹óὴԹ-ѹ ҧҹҹ˹йӢҴ˭ ͡ҡѧҤ⶧ѴʴǻѵԢͧὴԹ-ѹ "ὴԹ-ѹ" ԴѧѴطʧѹ 11 Ҥ .. 2354 (.. 1811) ҳ .. 2371-2372 (.. 1828-1829) ѻѹͿԹѹԹҧҵԴ͡äҷͧ ὴ֧͹ӡѺԡѧ Դʴ㹷ҧ ͧǪԵͧὴԹ-ѹ ὴҧ·͹ԴѹöԵҧǹҹ֧ 63 ѺáǢҹ繷ѡ价š㹪 Siamese Twin

ҴӷҤ
ӺŷҤ 繵ҴѴҧӷѧ繸ҵԢͧԶժԵǺҹҪվǹ١תԴҧ Ǻҹо͹ӼżԵ תѡмҡǹ ԡ ӵо о Ң-š¹ѹ

Ҵ
dzҴ Ѵբ㹪ǧ繢ͧءѹ ÷ͧ ǢͧǺҹӼԵɵèҡǹ蹼ѡ ͡Ң ѧèӾǡ ҹ ҳ ͡ҡԴԹѺëͧ͢ѺҷҢ 繵Ҵҫҹἧ¨˹ҡ

ҹ
㹺dzѴԹخշͧ Ҥç¹繷ӡ͹ ӹѡҹж֡ҨѧѴطʧ 繤سѲͧԻѭҷͧ蹷͹ѡ׺ʹ١ҹطʧҤ ֧Ǻѡ Ѥ ͺ͹׺ʹͧ觴׺١ҹ

ҹҳ
ʶҹ͹ѡѹҳ Ӻ ҹҳԴҡǢͧ͹§ ʹѺʹع͹ѡѺѵԢͧҵԵʹͧسѵѡɳз١ͧͧ ʹѺʹعҹä鹤Ԩ š¹ԴٹҧҪԡ š¹ͧлʺóԨ üѹѺͧá§ǷǢͧ سժ ؤкص ͵繼źҹҳѧ س繼§¾ѹ ¹鹼ѧʹ ⵢ ١ء§ ǧ㹺ҹҡѡ § ¢Ҵҹ դ١ѹѺҵʹ ͹٧§ҡ ٴ¡ѹҹҨ͹ѡ ǷҴ ҧШ ѡҹ ѡҢͧʧ ͧдشҔ ¾ѹ駾ѹҷ ѡɳ ⡭ 㹺ҹ͹§ 繡移ҧ ҹҳ ʶҹʹ֡Ҥͧ¾ѹ

Ѵ
Ӻźҧҧ Ѵҳ觤ͧҵͧѺͧ͡ Ѵҧ鹵¡اظҵ͹Ѫ稾һҷͧ ѹɰҹ Ǽ֡ () µҴҧҧ ǧҪԹԡźҧҧ繼ҧ dzѧѴ繹ʶҹͧسҤ (稾ԹҵкҪԹѪŷ 1) Фسحʹ (稾¹ҵ кҪԹѪŷ 2)

Ѵҧо
Ѵҧ¡اظҵ͹ 觷ʹҢͧѴ ѧôҹҾԵáҼѧѡɳᵡҧҡ 繻ٹǴ¹ٹʴͧǡѺоطѵ ѧôҹҧͺժͧ繫дɰҹоطٻ ͡ҡҧѧдɰҹ¾оطҷͧҴ˭͹ѹŴ蹡ѹ ѹɰҹҧ¡ا Թ١ͤʧ оطҷ·͹֡شдѺءѧŧǴ§

Ѵҧ᤹
Ӻ ҧ .. 2411 ʶͧѴҧ١Ѻ⾸ͧ ѨغѹѴѺúóҧ 觷ҪѴ ѧ㹾ʶӨҡѡѡͧ㹾طѵ ûٵ ԹԾҹ ͧԺҵ Ǵ§Ѵਹ½ͪҧѡѧѴྪúիժ§ҹѡ ѺʶդŻСѡ

Ѵҧ˭
ͧ Ӻ ҧ .. 2357 Ѵҳʶҹҳѵطʹ ʶѧ˭ء 150 ҹ˹਴ԺͧŻ¡اظ лиҹʶҧԪ»鹴ŧ ո਴ 7 ͧҧ .. 2415 աᾧͺ кһШѹ (ҡͧ) دʧҾԵáҼѧ¹ս蹼 ¹㹻Ѫŷ 2 ͧǡ÷ʧ- 觹Ҩ繤駷 .2 ô仢ѴҷѾҪͻ .. 2364

Ѵд
ӺѴд Ѵ ҧ¡اظҵ͹ Ѫŷ 5 ʴ稻оʵ鹷ҧäҷѴ·ǧ çվҪѷ 觢ͧǧҡ 맾й 蹺÷ Żѵ šҵ 觻ѨغѹҧѴ¨Ѵҧ ԾԸѳңѷ ѡҧ ͡ҡ㹾ԾԸѧѴʴ "蹴Թ;ͧ" ٻࡨҨ㹨ѧѴطʧ ٻѪŷ 5 ѡҡ

ѴԹخշͧ
ͧ Ӻǹǧ 觷ʹѴҡ خշͧ Ӵѡ ѵ ɰպԴҢͧسҤ (稾ԹҵкҪԹѪŷ 1) ѴҧǨٴǧеҤسҤ ÷ӹҨ繾ҪԹ ɰպԴҤسҤ֧ 繨ԧҧخշͧѴ Ѵҧ֧ Ѵҧخշͧ Ѵҧ١зԹѧŧ ֧͡خշͧҧѴԹ Ѵ֧ѴԹخշͧ ͡ҡ ѧ ԾԸѳѴԹطҹ֡ ʶҹǺҳѵӤ֡͹ѡ оطٻ ˹ѧ ¤ ͧͧͧ оطٻء 300 繾оطٻٹ鹻Դͧ ҧԪª оطѵǧ кҪҹкҷ稾оطҹ»дɰҹ

Ѵѹਵ
ѴͧСҪԹԡźҧҧ ѹɰҹҧѪŷ 1 ѧѴ觹繹ʶҹҢͧǧ¡кѵ (кҷ稾оطʹҨšҪ) سҤ (稾ԹҵкҪԹѪŷ 1) ʶҹҪͧѪŷ 2 ͡ѹҺdzлҧͧѴѹਵ ͹سҤ繷ʹسصê 觵 кҷ稾оطҹ

ѴԹ
Ӻͧ Ѵҳҧ .. 2300 ¡اظ һѧóѪŷ 3 觷ʹѴ оطٻǧء 300 ʶҧԹ͹ѧ ҹ˹ҵҧкҹеѡѡԵ͹

ҹ͹
ӺŻ⾧ҧ Ԩѡҵõ͹ Ѵҧ ǪԶժԵ㹤ͧ ҵ ҹç

طҹкҪҹóкҷ稾оطҹ
çõԾкҷ稾оطҹ ͧ ŹԸԾкҪҹóкҷ稾оطҹ㹾кҪٻ 繡ʹͧҡسҸԤسҪҹŻѲѹôҵ Ѻ¡ͧ繺ؤӤѭͧš ҡͧ֡ԷʵѲ˻ЪҪҵ (UNESCO) dzҧطҹкҪҹó Ҫط Ѵѹਵ繼϶ վ鹷ҳ 11 鹷dzդӤѭ ʶҹҪͧкҷ稾оطҹ Ѫŷ 2

ºҧ
Ӻźҧ 觹繤··դӤѭҧѵʵ ѧҡ˵ءó¡اظҤ駷 2 .. 2310 稾͡ȹô¡ͧѾҵ駤·Ӻźҧ ¡ ºҧ ͧҡͧͧ鹷ҧͧѾ㹡ԹѾ ҧᾧѴҧҧ繷ִ˹ǨԵ繷þ٪Ңͧ ҵҡԹҪô餹չҡͧ ź ҪСҭǺ餹ҵ繡ͧѡҤ ¹֧ժ¡ա˹ "¨չҧ" ͧçͷҹ ѡҔ 㹻 .. 2311 ҡاѧзç¡Ѿҹҭ ¨չҧ ҵҡԹҪо (ح) úѺͧѾҷ֡ᵡ Ѻ繤··ҧçͧѾ ҧѭѧ餹¡Ѻ׹ ʧá·ӡѺѧҡ稾ҵҡԹҪʶһҡاҪҹ ºҧ觹١áҧͺ 200 Ҷ֧ .. 2510 зǧ֡Ҹԡè֧繤١͢ 繡ԴõԾҵҡԹҪ ҧžҵҡԹ͹ó ·ӾԸ¡ѹ 20 Զع¹ .. 2511

Ѵԭآ
Ӻźҧǡ 觷ʹѴ ʶŻСáҧ੾е ྴҹʶٻ駤»зع 㹻дɰҹǧѡɳ繾лҡ⢷ҧŧ

Ѵҧ
ࢵ鹷ǡѺºҧ 褹н觡ѹ դʨʶͧѴж١µ颹Ҵ˭ Ѵҧ觹Ѻ¡ͧ˹ Unseen Thailand Ѵʶһдɰҹлиҹ繾оطٻ鹢Ҵ˭ Ǻҹ¡ ǧʶ ҾԵáҼѧ»¡اظʴͧǡѺطѵ ҾоطҷçʴҾоطһзѺ㹫ҺҧѤǡ觾

ʹкѧԴ
Ӻźҧǡ ʶʶҹѡѹѡԷͧʵͺ ҧ鹵 .. 2433 (.. 1890) ºҷǧū͹ Ԫѹժǽ ѺعʹѺʹعҡҵԾͧͧҹ㹻Ƚ ԫѧҧ觡ا اм㨺ح㹡ا෾ ҧ֧ 6 ը֧ó ӾԸԴҧ繷ҧѹ 11 Ҿѹ .. 2439 (.. 1896) ʶһѵ¡Ẻ⡸ԤͧȽ Һ»ٹ 㹻дѺҾШ§ ٻ ʹȹ ҧҧһ ¹ѡɳеҧ ٻѡ紻ѵ㹾Фʵʹ Ѻʶդ§Ũҡ

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