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ʶҹóҧɰԨ㹻Ѩغѹ

ʶҹóþѲɰԨš㹻Ѩغѹ

þѲɰԨ 繡кǹ÷ͺؤŷԧͧ㹻 Ѿҡ÷ҧӡѴԴªҡش ȵҧ 繵ͧѲɰԨ ըش·Ӥѭ͡¡дѺҵðҹäͧվͧЪҪ٧ ѴһաþѲɰԨдѺ㴢ѺѡࡳҧɰԨ ͧӤѭ ͺؤ ѡࡳ ɰԨ 觤ͺؤͧѴҹзҧɰԨ ö觻ȵҧ ͡ 3

  • š˹ (ȷѲ) 繻ȷµͺؤ٧ҡ աþѲصˡ˹ҡ Ѱԡ ᤹Ҵ
  • šͧ (ѧ) ҸóѰЪҪչ ˹ Ǻ
  • š (ȴ¾Ѳ) 繻ȷҡ 㹷ջͿԡ еԹԡ

ҵѴѺмżԵͧ (Measures of national income and output)

ͧͷҧɰʵ ͻҳŤҢͧԹкԡкɰԨ 㹡äӹdzкͧѭջЪҪҵ ÷ӺѭջЪҪҵԔ ١ѲҢ㹪ǧʵ 1940 ҵѴ

  • ԵѳЪҪҵ (Gross National Product, GNP)
  • Եѳ㹻 (Gross Domestic Product, GDP)
  • ԵѳЪҪҵط (Net National Product, NNP)

żԵЪҪҵ 繾 (Gross national product, GNP) ҵѴżԵҧɰԨ㹴Թᴹ ԧͧعäѧ 㹪ǧ˹ Եѳ˹ҵѴѺмżԵͧ ԴҡŤҢͧԹкԡâش·Ե˹Ѿҡ÷褹ȹ Ңͧ

Եѳ㹻 մվ (Gross domestic product, GDP) ԸաäӹdzҡżԵкԡͧл Եѳ㹻ö繵Ǻ觪֧ҵðҹسҾԵͧ ؤ㹻ȹ ԴҡŤҢͧԹкԡâش·Ե㹻˹ӹ֧֧ҷѾҡ÷㹡üԵԹ кԡè繷Ѿҡâͧͧ㹻繢ͧǵҧ 㹷ҧç Ѿҡâͧͧ㹻价ӡüԵ㹵ҧȡѺ㹼Եѳ㹻

GDP Сͺ仴 Ţͧ ú + ŧع + Ѱ (Թӡ) +(͡ ù) ػ GDP ФԴŤԹ ԡ˹ش ˹ 㹻ҹ GNP еҧѹçաüԵ㹵ҧȷѵشԺ

ԵѳЪҪҵط (Net Nation Product : NNP) ¶֧ ŤҤҵҴͧԹкԡâش·ЪҪҵԼԵ Ѩ¡üԵͧͺ˹ѧѡҤҷѾԹ »ԨѴ 1 NNP öҡ NNP = GNP ҤҷѾԹ

ªͧѭջЪҪҵ

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  • 㹴ҹɰԨͧ ͧɰԨͧ Ъ繡áШʹҵðҹäͧվдѺͧЪҡ
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  • ͧѺҧº㹡èѴբͧѰŷշҧçշҧ ŢЪҪҵԨЪ繢մö㹡բͧЪҡáҧ §
  • ººҹзҧɰԨͧȡѺЪ繰ҹзҧɰԨͧº§Ѻ

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