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ʶҹóäҧ

äҧ ¶֧ š¹Թкԡҧ˹觡Ѻȵҧ š äҧԴͧҡҡȢͧлš͹ѹ ֧ѾҡøҵԢͧл͹ѹ ѵشԺлѨ¡üԵըӹǹҡѹ ˵鹷ع㹡üԵᵡҧѹ ӹҭ㹡üԵԹкԡᵡҧѹ

ѾҡҧջԷҾж١ͧѺª٧ش лȨ֧͡ԵԹͺԡ÷Ѩ¡üԵҡ㹻ȹ зԹкԡ÷դسҾе鹷ع ǹԹ仢㹵Ҵš ǹԹкԡ÷Եͧǵ鹷ع٧ öԵЫҺ š¹ѡɳйЪҡêšԹҷդسҾ Ҥᾧ մԹҡȷзӡɵ ¡мԵԹɵ żԵ仢㹵Ҵš ǹѡջѨ¡üԵзмԵѹ ѡмԵѹ仢㹵Ҵš зѡҡâ¹ѹ »ѡҢǨҡ ǹ ҡ⢠͹ѹ㹻 繵

äҧȡԴª㹴ҹҧ ѧ

 ҧɰԨ

º¡äҧȷ ȵͧ繡͹º¡äշš 㹷ҧԺѵѡɳСäҧȷ㹻ѨغѹѡɳзٻẺͧäҷ Ǥͻȵҧ ѡº͹º·繢ͨӡѴͤǺäҡ ŻªҡäҧŴŧ 㹢ǡѹҹѧͧ繼Ŵբͧä ԴäաѺءȷšҡ ´ѧǨ֧պҧѹǡѹ繡ǾŴԡº¨ӡѴäҧ㹡 Ѻҧ¡äҧҧҧ 觹Ҩ繻ªء աèѴʶҺѹҧȢ͵ŧ͡ѹԹ Դ蹤ҧɰԨͧѹ ǤԴѧǨ֧繷ҢͧҧɰԨ 觻ѨغѹաҧɰԨҧ ѧҧ

1) WTO (World Trade Organization)

ͧáäҧȷѲҨҡ÷ӤŧҴšҡСä (GATT : General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) ѵػʧ;Ѳкäҧ ӡѺôԹâͧҪԡ仵ŧҧä صԡóվԾҷҧäҧҪԡ ǷèҡäҢͧҪԡ WTO 駢ѹ 1 Ҥ 2538 շӹѡҹ蹤ਹ ԵŹ ҪԡӴѺ 59 ʶҹҪԡ͵ ¨ѺªҡҪԡ ੾ҧ觨ҡԴҴäҷ駨ҡŴšҡС¡ԡҵá÷šҡâͧȤ ШҡԴյҴäҺԡҧ ͡ҡ¨ª١˭ ӹҨҧɰԨպѧѺҧ 㹢ǡѹҪԡµͧվѹóշеͧԺѵԵºǡѹ ШеͧѺѺ觢ѹзդعçҡ

2) ࢵä¹ (AFTA: ASEAN Free Trade Area)

Ҥ¹Ѵ駢ͻ .. 2510 ջҪԡ͵㹢й 5 Թⴹ ԧ пԻԹ Դ鹨ҡç٧㨷ҧͧҡҷҧɰԨ صԢͺҴҧҧҹᴹҧԹⴹ ѨغѹջҪԡ 10 ѵػʧ ѴԭҧɰԨ ˹ҷҧѧСþѲҷҧѲ ѹҾʶҾҤ ͡ѹ㹴ҹҧ ɰԨ ѧ Ѳ Ԫҡ Էʵ Сú

㹻վ.. 2535 ¹ŧ㹡ͺŧҴ¡â¤ͷҧɰԨͧ¹ ФŧҴѵվɷҡѹѺࢵä¹ ͨѴࢵä¹ 15 ѵػʧӤѭҧö㹡觢ѹѺԹ¹㹵Ҵš 觨Ъ´֧ٴŧعҡҧ աŴѵšҡҧҪԡ ..2535 ä㹡¹աâµ

3) APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation)

ͷҧɰԨ-ừԿԡ ͵駢鹨ҡûЪѰբͧᶺ-ừԿԡ ͹Ȩԡ¹ .. 2532 ا᤹ ѵػʧѡʹѺʹعâµǷҧɰԨСäҢͧҤͧš ѲкäҾҤ ʹѺʹعѡѹèҡä½ͺء»ʺ ֡ҧ㹡ԴաäҤ ѡɳзҧäҷ մѹȹ͡ (Open Regionalism) ¤ҢɰԨʹѹ ʹѺʹعա¹Թ ԡ ع ෤ҧѹ

4) OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)

ȼ͡ѹ ѵػʧӤѭҧӹҨͧͧͧҤ͹䢡â¹ѹ ŨҡɰԨҧ ա͹·ع㹡ȷաɰԨҡ Ŵáմѹҹըҡȹ͡ Ҫԡ 13 ȻСͺ仴 ҹ ѡ ǵ ش ҵ ҸóѰѺõ Һͧ 乨 ๫ ͡Ҵ Թⴹ

5) GMS (Greater Mekong Sub-Region)

çþѲҤͷҧɰԨ͹Ҥ⢧ 繤ͧ͢ 6 ٪ ´ Шչ (ٹҹ) .. 2535 ոҤþѲ (ADB: Asian Development Bank) 繼ʹѺʹعѡ GMS վ鹷ѹҳ 2 ҹ 3 ʹ ҧ ͻҳ 鹷ͧûѹ ջЪҡѹҳ 250 ҹ شó仴·Ѿҡøҵ աѧ繨شٹҧ㹡§ԴҧҤ µѹ͡ µѹ͡§

ç GMS ѵػʧԴâµǷҧä ŧعصˡ ɵ кԡ ʹѺʹعèҧҹ¡дѺͧЪҪ㹾鹷բ оѲҤͷҧ෤С֡ҧѹ ʹѾҡøҵԷѹҧջԷҾ մö͡ʷҧɰԨǷաäš

6) ACMECS (Ayeyawady - Chao Phraya - Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy)

طʵͷҧɰԨ Ǵ Ҿ ⢧ (ACMECS : Ayeyawady - Chao Phraya - Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy) ͪ طʵͷҧɰԨҧ٪ (ECS : Economic Cooperation Strategy among Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Thailand) ͺҧ 5 ٪ ´ (Ҫԡش 10 Ҥ 2547)

ACMECS ǤԴ ... . ѡԳ Թѵ ¡ѰԺ¡͡Ѻӡ٪ о 㹪ǧûЪ¹¾Ҵä SARS 29 ¹ 2546 ا෾ ѺʹѺʹعѡèҡӻ͹ҹѧ վѲҡҧǴǵ֧ͧûЪдѺ ACMECS ͧء Ҿ

12 Ȩԡ¹ 2546 觼ӷ 5 ѹ͡ԭҾء (Bagan Declaration) ἹԺѵԡ (Plan of Action) ͺ 5 Ң

  1. ӹ¤дǡҹäСŧع
  2. ʹҹɵáصˡ
  3. §鹷ҧҤ
  4. ÷ͧ
  5. þѲҷѾҡ

 һʧѡͧ ACMECS

7) BISTEC (Bangladesh-India-Sri Lanka-Thailand Economic Cooperation) BIMSTEC

繡ͺҧ 7 ѧ ٯҹ Թ ๻ ѧ ͵Ҫԡ 4 ѹ 6 Զع¹ 2540 BIST-EC (Bangladesh-India-Sri Lanka-Thailand Economic Cooperation) мѡѹͧ ¹ BIMST-EC ;Ҫԡѹ 22 ѹҤ 2540 ͹ѹҤ 2546 ๻ٯҹЪҪԡ ¹ ວѺҡҢҷҧԪҡɰԨ(Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation)

BIMSTEC ըӹǹЪҡҳ 1,300 ҹ ŤҡäѺ 3,000 ҹ­Ѱ 㹻 2546 ͺ͹ըش Ƿҹº Look East ͧ Ѻº Look West ͧ 繡˹觷͡ʴҹä ŧع С÷ͧҧ¡ѺҤ

ͺ BIMSTEC ѵػʧ ҧԭҧɰԨѧҤ 躹鹰ҹͧѹ ŻªѹҧҹɰԨ ѧ ෤ ֧Ҥٻͧý֡ͺ ֧ ԨоѲҤͷ繻ª㹴ҹɵصˡ â¡äСŧع ʹѺاСäҤ ¡дѺͧЪҡҤ ͷԴѺͧҧ

8) IMF (International Monetary Fund)

ͧعԹҧ Ѵ駢鹨ҡûЪҧҹԹͧ˻ЪҪҵ ͧõѹ 㹻 .. 1944 ѺҤš ¸Ҥšպҷ㹡èѴҷع ѵҴ͡µȷʺѭҨҡʧ㹡úóоѲɰԨͧ ҡҹԴâµ㹴ҹäҧ ǹ IMF ЪʶҾ㹴ҹѵš¹ѹ繾鹰ҹӤѭͧâµǷҧɰԨ ԹҪԡ䢻ѭ㹴ҹšêԹ ҪԡͧҤšIMF ѹ㹻 .. 1949

9) FTA (Free Trade Agreement) FTA

¶֧ ɰԨѡɳлҪԡ ¨Ŵšҡҧѹ㹡͹·ش 0% ǡѹ Ҫԡл ѵšҡû٧ҡѺȹ͡ࢵä ë͢ԹкԡҧҤշ Ȩҡ͡մѹä 駷ҵá ǡѹлҪԡ ѧöԹº¡մѹä Ѻȹ͡

õࢵäʹյǹ˭ѧɰԨҧҤǡѹ ࢵᴹԴͶ֧ѹ ЪҪԴͤҢѹҹҹ ҡԴաäԹ Ŵ ػäѡ ҧѹ㹡 Ѩغѹ õࢵäջȵҧ ᵡҧҡ Ǥ ӡѴ੾лҤǡѹ ȵҧҤѡɳй աӡѴ ͧ繡

ࢵä Ҩ繡èҡä 2 ͷҤ 繡õŧҧ 2 ԧѺǫŹ ԧѺ ҧȡѺ 1 ¹Ѻչ ҤѺҤ ¹Ѻ CER (Australia and New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement) 繵 觤ʹѧ ͡ҡŧҹäԹ ѧͺҹԡ ŧع лҹº´ҹѧҧѹ Ǵ çҹ Էª 繻ЪҸԻ 繵

ǧ»շҹ ͧáäš (WTO) ʺèҡä¤ ੾Фèҡä ͺ͵ WTO 2542 Դèҡäͺ WTO Ҫ çѡѹС˹ ȵҧ ԨóҵࢵäдѺҤҡ ռŤ׺˹ԴɰԨäҧѹٻҡǴǡ Դաͺ WTO ѧ繼ͧҡ÷չҪԡ WTO ȵҧ çѡҾ觢ѹͧչ ͧҡչ繻ȢҴ˭ ТºҷӹҨɰԨҡ ҡºҴ㹢Ҵ˭ Ъҡèӹǹҡ çҹҤҶ١ öͧѺüԵ ѡҾ͡٧ ͨչҪԡ WTO ѺԷ ˵ع ȵҧ 駻ȾѲСѧѲ ֧ͧѺº СطäСŧع մö觢ѹ

õࢵä зԴԷԾɡäСŧعȷ Ѵ WTO ҡԺѵԵ͹ 觨з¡ä Сŧعҧ ࢵä ǡѹ 觼šзȹ͡ ж١մѹä Сŧع ֧çе鹾Ԩóҵࢵä Ѻ蹴

»õࢵä طԸҧѹԵɰԨ Сͧ ҧҹ¡ä СŧعѺ ͡Ҥ ҧ ҹһȵҧ˹ѡ ÷ȵҧ ѹ繵ҴҴ˭ Ѿҡѹ СШ˹ҷѺԴͺջԷҾ ੾лҳҺdz§ѹ ʹͧѹ駴ҹɰԨ ͧ Ѳ лѵʵ ˹عѲҡɰԨ ջԷҾ 觢ѹѺҴ˭ ӹҨͧ٧

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