ѧʵ Ѱʵ ͧ ɰʵ >>

ѧԷ

<<< úѭ >>>

èѴºҧѧ (Social Organization)

ʶҹҾкҷ (Status and Role)

ҡóաҧ˹觷դǾѹѺ÷Ѵҹ ʶҹҾ 駹 ÷Ѵҹµ ѧҡդ١ѹѺʶҹҾ ѧ Ң¢ͧʶҹҾ 繡ح䢷Һ֧ԨͧҤ

¢ͧʶҹҾ

ͷ㨶֧¢ͧʶҹҾѴਹ觢 ʹͤԴͧѡѧԷҴѧ仹

Young and Mack ͸Ժ ʶҹҾ ˹ (Position) çҧҧѧ

Ogburn and Nimkoff ͸Ժ ʶҹҾ ˹觢ͧؤŷ ѧҧ㹡ѹѺؤѧ

ҷ ѡ ͸Ժ ˹˹ҷçҹ觡˹çٻкͧѧ кͧѧյ˹ʶҹҾҧ ºͺ÷ѴҹѺǷҧԺѵԢͧ˹ʶҹҾ ѹ仴

ӤѭͧʶҹҾ

ʶҹҾ ˹觢ͧؤѧ͡㴡˹ ءѧ͡յ˹ҡкؤŤҨç˹µ˹ . ١¢ͧ 繹ѡ֡ Ҫԡͧ 繵

ѧԧ͹ ѧСͺ¤˭ ¡Фҹդᵡҧѹ㹴ҹԵ Ҫվ ѵҡ 蹰ҹ٧ ûзѧäҧ˹㹷ҧǹйͧ ʶҹҾդӤѭ觵֡͡ҷҧѧԷҔ ¡ҧ Ե褹˹觢ͧԷµͧԴ͡Ѻ˹ҷŧ¹Ҩµҧ ·Եѡ˹ҤҵҢͧؤŴѧҡ͹ Թŧ¹СҪ¹仵˹觫պ÷Ѵҹ ӡѺ

Щй ÷Ѵҹ͵˹觪Ե褹 ҤûоĵͻԺѵҧ ÷ѴҹǾѹѺʶҹҾҹ鹡 Է˹ҷ Է Ш ԹԨ¾ĵԡͧ㹡ûзѧäҧѧ

ʶҹҾкҷ

ͺؤŴç˹ѧ͡ ؤŹʴҷ (Role) ˹觹 Щй» ʶҹҾкҷ֧觷Ǻѹ

ҧá ҷ͡ûԺѵ˹ҷѺؤŷҴç˹觹 Щй ҷ֧ٻẺ͹ٻ÷ҧ ĵԡͧ˹ ¡ҧ ¡Ѱբͧ ÷ѴҹǷҧԺѵԺҧС Ǥ Է˹ҷԷҧ 躷ҷ͡ûԺѵ˹ҷͧ¡ѰբͧФᵡҧѹ͡

ᵡҧҧҷе˹觷Դ鹹 ˹觔 ǤԴҧѧԷ ǹ ҷ ǤԴҧԵԷҷҧѧ Щй ҷ֧¹ŧա ¹ŧҴç˹觹

˹觷պҷ

㹺ҧʶҹó˹ պҷ ¡ҧ Ѱԡ Ѱ٭˹ͧиҹҸԺҴç˹᷹иҹҸԺ㹡óշиҹҸԺն֧ѭҧç˹ ͧиҹҸԺҴç˹׺᷹˹觻иҹҸԺ㹡óմѧ ˹ͧиҹҸԺҧŧ ˹ͧиҹҸԺҧŧպҷ

ҷյ˹

㹷ӹͧǡѹ Ҩպҷյ˹ 㹡óռ˭ԧ (Һ) ʴҷͧҧҺҪԡ㴤˹㹤ͺ纻 (ҧҺ繵˹çҺ ҨպҷͧҧҺ㹺ҹѧ)

ʶҹҾ¡ԴʶҹҾ¡áз

ѧԷʶҹҾ͡ 2 ˭

1) ʶҹҾ¡Դ (Ascribed status)
2) ʶҹҾ¡áз (Achieved status)

1) ʶҹҾ¡Դ

ͧͧ÷ؤŹѺʶҹҾ ͹䢷ҧҾ 蹤 ԴšѺ 觾¡͸Ժ ѧ仹

1. ʶҹҾҧǧҤҭҵ (Kinship status) ؤդ١ѹѺͺ ١ͧ 繾ͧͧ 繵

2. ʶҹҾҧ (Sex status) ؤԴ 繪˭ԧ ؤŹ鹡ѺʶҹҾҧ պҷ (Է˹ҷ)ҧѹ

3. ʶҹҾҧ (Age status) ؤѺʶҹҾࡳآͧ ºѭѵ ˭ԧкعԵؤú 20 պԺó ЩйԷ˹ҷͧؤŷعԵ ѺؤŷѧعԵᵡҧѹ

4. ʶҹҾҧͪҵ (Race status) ؤŷԴҨҡҵ㴡ʶҹҾ÷ѴҹͧͪҵԹ ͪҵͪҵԨչ 繵

5. ʶҹҾҧͧ (Regional status) ؤŷԴ 蹰ҹ ԴҧҤ˹ͧ͢¡ѺʶҹҾ繤˹ ԴҤ ѺʶҹҾ繤 繵

6. ʶҹҾҧ (Class status) ؤŷԴҨҡͺǢͧ٧ հҹд Ѻ֡٧ա ѺʶҹҾ繪٧



2) ʶҹҾ¡áз

ʶҹҾʶҹҾѧѹ繼׺ͧҨҡ稢ͧáзӢͧ ѧ͸Ժ ѧ仹

1. ʶҹҾҧ (Marital status) ؤŨѺʶҹҾͧ ѧӡ

2. ʶҹҾҧԴô (Parental status) ؤŨѺ ʶҹҾͧ繺Դ ô ͺؤŹ պص

3. ʶҹҾҧ֡ (Educational status) ؤŷѺ ֡٧ 㹪ش֡ ѺʶҹҾҧ֡ҵزԷ赹 繺ѳԵ ҺѳԵ ɮպѳԵ

4. ʶҹҾҧҪվ (Occupational status) ѧЪҸԻԴ͡ؤ͡觢ѹѹ㹴ҹöǡѺûСͺҪվ ؤѺʶҹҾҪվ ҧ

5. ʶҹҾҧͧ (Political status) ؤŷʹǧͧ ѺʶҹҾҧͧ Ҫԡͧä

˹觢Ѵѹ (Status conflict)

㹺ҧʶҹóҨԴ˹觢Ѵѹ . 繵Ǩ ˹ҷͧѺзӼԴ . 繼ͧҹ ͹ʹԷͧ . ͧ͡Ժѵҧҧ˹ ( ѺѺ) Դҷ Ѵѹ (Role conflict)

ѭѡɳͧ˹

˹觺ҧ˹੾ҧǹǡѺ բͧ ѭѡɳͧ˹öͧҧѴ Ǥ 繡Һѹ 繤˹ͤ 繼ͼ˭ԧ 繽ᢡ

ҹ  >>>>>

<<< úѭ >>>

价˹ ͹ ͹ ͹

» Թ
պҷԴ֡Ҥ鹾ɮѲҡҡشԹʹͤԴǡѺäѴ͡¸ҵ

» ʧš駷 1
繤ѴдѺšԴҧѹԵ нӹҨҧ »ҡʧҴ˭շǢͧҡҴҡ͹

» ѵʵ쪹ҵԨչ
Ȩչ繻ȷջЪҡҡشš 1,200 ҹ ¤ Ъҡ˹Ңͧš繻Ъҡèչ

» ʹ
ͧЪԵͧǡ ҧͧ繵ӹҹ ͧ 繤ԧ ҧǵҧ ҧ繵Ẻ Ҫҡ

» þԹùҶҡ
شԴҸ âѺҹСù觹Ѻ١Фҹ ҹ٪Ҽ㴡ѹҧ...Ǣͧ·Ѻҹе˹ҵҧԴԴͺҹ

» ʧ (Persian Gulf War)
ʧҧѡ Ѻ ҹ ͷ¡ʧ (Persian Gulf War) ѹ 22 ѹ¹ ..1980 ˵ҨҡѴ»С

»
蹾鹺ҹդسѡɳТͧõͧѹǴ¡ǹöѹ¤ҹҧҭҴ Żҧ٧

» ѵʵŻ
ѲҡâͧѵʵŻС͡ẺŻͧдѺѹʹյ֧Ѩغѹ 鹾Ъǧ ǹ˭çѹҨҡѡҵ